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Who is the Learner?
Who is the Teacher?
21st Century Learning
Creativity Needs Arts and Humanities
Open Access Education and Resources
Digital Books and Resources
Mobile Learning- Cloud Computing
Simple Augmented Reality- Geolocation
Gesture Based Computing
Visual Data Analysis
The Classroom- Outside
Designing Learning Spaces
Multi-Purpose Community Learning Spaces
Sustaining the Vision
Motivation and Transcendent Purpose
Data Driven Decision Making
Flexibility, Differentiation and Restructuring
Professional Development for Teachers
Professional Development for Administrators
Personal Learning Networks
Concluding Thoughts on Education 2020
QR Codes - Simple Augmented Reality
Digital Storytelling - ESL
Glogster - Poster Yourself!
Class Wiki Project
Kids Teaching Kids: Screencasting
Student Educational Portfolio
Conflict Negotiation Project
Scratch Animation Assignment
Privacy Online- Stalking in English Class
Finland Primary Education
High Tech High
Quest to Learn
Out of This World
Creature Creating Art Class
An Edible Education
Denver School of Science and Technology
Open High School
Michael Wesch-Digital Ethnography
Model Future - Telepathic and Telekinetic
What is Connectivism?
Connectivism is a learning theory promoted by Stephen Downes and George Siemens. Called a learning theory for a digital age, it seeks to explain complex learning in a rapidly changing social digital world. In our technological and networked world, educators should consider the work of thinkers like Siemens and Downes. In the theory, learning occurs through connections within networks. The model uses the concept of a network with nodes and connections to define learning. Learners recognize and interpret patterns and are influenced by the diversity of networks, strength of ties and their context. Transfer occurs by connecting to and adding nodes and growing personal networks. (
Wikiversity) According to George Siemens, "Connectivism is the integration of principles explored by chaos, network, and complexity and self-organization theories. Learning is a process that occurs within nebulous environments of shifting core elements – not entirely under the control of the individual. Learning (defined as actionable knowledge) can reside outside of ourselves (within an organization or a database), is focused on connecting specialized information sets, and the connections that enable us to learn more are more important than our current state of knowing. Connectivism is driven by the understanding that decisions are based on rapidly altering foundations. New information is continually being acquired. The ability to draw distinctions between important and unimportant information is vital. The ability to recognize when new information alters the landscape based on decisions made yesterday is also critical."
Siemen's Principles of connectivism:
Learning and knowledge rests in diversity of opinions.
Learning is a process of connecting specialized nodes or information sources.
Learning may reside in non-human appliances.
Capacity to know more is more critical than what is currently known
Nurturing and maintaining connections is needed to facilitate continual learning.
Ability to see connections between fields, ideas, and concepts is a core skill.
Currency (accurate, up-to-date knowledge) is the intent of all connectivist learning activities.
Decision-making is itself a learning process. Choosing what to learn and the meaning of incoming information is seen through the lens of a shifting reality. While there is a right answer now, it may be wrong tomorrow due to alterations in the information climate affecting the decision.
Connectivism: A Learning Theory for the Digital Age
According to Siemens, learning is no longer an individualistic activity. Knowledge is distributed across networks. In our digital society, the connections and connectiveness within networks lead to learning. Siemens and Downes have experimented with Open Courses and both stress the importance of more open education. See Siemens discussing the importance of connections and connectiveness in open social learning below to the left and see the Networked Student to the right.
George Siemens- Connectivism: Socializing Open Learning
To read more, see Siemens blogs:
and Stephen Downes website
In a 2010 Cisco Report called
The Learning Society
, the authors make the point that educational systems need to move towards becoming a Learning Society. They see the world becoming more interdependent, technology accelerating and education as a mission critical key. They feel there is a new "morality of learning." "Whereas in the past learning was competitive, coercive and paternalistic, the new ethic of learning is collaborative, global and universal. It is collaborative in that learners need to work with each other. It is global in the sense that every society has a contribution to make and a responsibilty to each other. And it is universal because every part of a society must invest in learning and participate." (
The Learning Society
) The future is connected and collaborative.
Elements of Connectivism
Connectivism and Personal Learning
21st Century Learning
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